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At the front of a loudspeaker, there is a fabric, plastic , paper , or lightweight metal cone (sometimes called a diaphragm ) not unlike a drum skin (colored gray in our picture). The outer part of the cone is fastened to the outer part of the loudspeaker's circular metal rim. The inner part is fixed to an iron coil (sometimes called the voice coil , colored orange in the diagram) that sits just in front of a permanent magnet (sometimes called the field magnet , and colored yellow). When you hook up the loudspeaker to a stereo, electrical signals feed through the speaker cables (red) into the coil. This turns the coil into a temporary magnet or electromagnet . As the electricity flows back and forth in the cables, the electromagnet either attracts or repels the permanent magnet. This moves the coil back and forward, pulling and pushing the loudspeaker cone. Like a drum skin vibrating back and forth, the moving cone pumps sounds out into the air.

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